Parental Handbook
for Local Control of Education  /  Challenge Five

San Diegans Challenge Perpetual
Court Assignment of Pupils,
Emanating from Carlin v. Board of Education,
To Restore Local Control
According to the Constitution


  United States Court of Appeals Upholds Proposition 209

On April 8, 1997, a Ninth Circuit Panel upheld the California Civil Rights Initiative (Proposition 209), adopted by Californians as Article I, Section 31, to their Constitution, providing in relevant part:

The State shall not discriminate against, or grant preferential treatment to, any individual or group on the basis of race, sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin in the operation of... public education....

Coalition for Econ. Equity v. Wilson, 110 F.3d 1431, 1434 (9th Cir.1997)

Accordingly, Groundswell Intervenors prepared a fourth motion for an order to terminate jurisdiction, along with an order that the Board modify its integration program to comply with current constitutional standards. After a telephonic conference on July 14, 1997, Groundswell secured a meaningful open court hearing of the motion. Armstrong v. Manzo (1965), 380 U.S. 545,550,552.Next


Armstrong v. Manzo, 380 U.S. 545 (1965)


Carlin v. Board of Education, San Diego Unified School District,
San Diego Superior Court No. 303800 (1967-1998)
San Diego, California


Coalition for Econ. Equity v. Wilson, 110 F.3d 1431 (9th Cir.1997)


Handbook: Challenge Five, pages 65 - 74 —


Parental Handbook
For Parents Dedicated to Local Control
of Public Education of Children
According to the Constitution
by Elmer Enstrom, Jr.
Challenges of the 30-year Carlin affirmative action lawsuit:
an exemplar of citizens reasserting Constitutional rights.
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