Busing —Not Integration— Opposed:
Invoke Our Color-Blind Constitution to End It

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classroom education of the students; and

3. Their suspension of the operation of the democratic state educational processes.

For these and other reasons, busing dissenters must not be dissuaded by the strong opposition they will face from taking the lead in moving their districts toward voluntary integration plans. If necessary, they can do so by intervention like the San Diego dissenters, using appropriate legal theories as broached above.

In view of the changed circumstances, such as a new generation of parents, students and school board members and the increasing diversity of public school students, now is the time to get beyond race in school assignments. The Constitution can be invoked, by those adversely affected, for an interpretation that, in accordance with its color-blind language, it does not tolerate the classification of the students of the many different races on the basis of their race or color for the purpose of assigning them to particular schools.




Referenced Rights Cases by Title
Referenced Rights Cases by Date
Referenced U.S. Supreme Court Justices
         Busing: Introduction, pages ix - xiv — Previous Next
Busing —Not Integration— Opposed
Invoke our Color-Blind Constitution to End It

A Reasoned Opposition to Race-Based
Affirmative Action in Public Schools
by Elmer Enstrom, Jr.
History of the 30-year Carlin affirmative action lawsuit:
a pro bono case history of applying Constitutional principles.
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